Rol de las funciones inhibitorias en la memoria de trabajo: evidencia en niños y adolescentes

  • Lorena Canet Juric Universidad Nacional de Mar del Plata CONICET
  • María Laura Andrés
  • Silvina Demagistri
  • Graziella Mascarello
  • Débora Burin
Palabras clave: Memoria de trabajo, funciones inhibitorias, niños, adolescentes

Resumen

Objetivo. Distintas posturas teóricas han planteado una relación estrecha entre memoria de trabajo (MT) einhibición. Por ello, el objeto del presente estudio fue analizar el rol que juegan los procesos inhibitorios deinhibición perceptual o acceso, inhibición cognitiva o borrado e inhibición de restricción en el desarrollo dela MT entre los 8 y los 18 años de edad. Método. La muestra estuvo conformada por 277 participantes de laciudad de Mar del Plata, divididos en tres grupos de edad (8-9 años, 10-12 años y 17-18 años). Los participantesfueron evaluados con una tarea compleja de MT (amplitud de oraciones) que permite obtener, además de laamplitud verbal de la MT, distintos indicadores sobre las funciones inhibitorias. Resultados. Los resultadosdel estudio mostraron que el desempeño en MT es más elevado en los participantes de mayor edad, siendosignificativo el efecto diferencial de la edad sobre la MT. En cuanto a las funciones inhibitorias, se observaronefectos significativos en relación con el tipo de inhibición y grupo de edad. Conclusión. En concordancia conestudios previos, se encontraron relaciones entre la MT y las funciones inhibitorias de acceso y restricción nosiendo esta relación influida por la edad.

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Publicado
2015-12-15
Cómo citar
Canet Juric, L., Andrés, M., Demagistri, S., Mascarello, G., & Burin, D. (2015). Rol de las funciones inhibitorias en la memoria de trabajo: evidencia en niños y adolescentes. Pensamiento Psicológico, 13(2), 109-121. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.javerianacali.edu.co/index.php/pensamientopsicologico/article/view/1122
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