Desempeño neuropsicológico e indicadores de frecuencia, duración y tiempo de la sesión del ejercicio físico

  • Haney Aguirre-Loaiza Universidad Católica de Pereira
  • Jeisón Parra Universidad de Barcelona
  • Laura Jimena Bartolo Corporación Universitaria Empresarial Alexander von Humboldt
  • María Alexandra Cardona Universidad de Manizaes
  • Jaime Alberto Arenas Universidad de Sanbuenaventura- Sede Medellín
Palabras clave: Neuropsicología, ejercicio físico, cognición, corteza cerebral.

Resumen

Objetivo. El ejercicio físico (EF) se relaciona con estructuras cerebrales y funcionamiento cognitivo; sin embargo, se desconocen indicadores de frecuencia, duración e intensidad del EF asociados a procesos neuropsicológicos. Estudiar la relación y las posibles diferencias entre las funciones ejecutivas (FE) y los indicadores del EF (frecuencia, duración y tiempo que lleva practicando EF). Método. Se seleccionó una muestra intencional de treinta sujetos físicamente activos, pareados por sexo (Medad = 22.9, DE = 8.5). Se aplicó la totalidad de la Batería de Funciones Ejecutivas y Lóbulos Frontales (Banfe). Resultados. El desempeño neuropsicológico se relacionó con la frecuencia del EF en tareas que evalúan capacidades de control inhibitorio, seguimiento de límites y normas, memoria de trabajo visoespacial y anticipación de acciones de orden progresivo y regresivo. La duración y el tiempo de entrenamiento presentaron relación con la planeación, respeto por los límites y la inhibición. Aquellos participantes que se ejercitan más de seis veces por semana presentaron mejor desempeño en los aciertos y menor número de errores en el control inhibitorio. No se diferencia el desempeño neuropsicológico en función a indicadores y tipo de EF. Conclusión. Se confirma la hipótesis acerca de que el EF se asocia con procesos neuropsicológicos. Se abren posibles implicaciones científicas, educativas y clínicas.

Citas

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Publicado
2019-03-23
Cómo citar
Aguirre-Loaiza, H., Parra, J., Bartolo, L., Cardona, M., & Arenas, J. (2019). Desempeño neuropsicológico e indicadores de frecuencia, duración y tiempo de la sesión del ejercicio físico. Pensamiento Psicológico, 17(1), 19-32. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javerianacali.PPSI17-1.dnif
Sección
Artículos de investigación original