Predicción del esfuerzo con variables metabólicas, fisiológicas y cognitivas en adultos mayores

Percepción de esfuerzo en adultos mayores

  • Yamileth Chacón-Araya Universidad de Costa Rica
  • José Miguel Briceño-Torres Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Mariana Peralta-Brenes Universidad de Costa Rica
  • Rebeca Hernández-Gamboa Universidad de Costa Rica
  • David K. Johnson University of California at Davis
  • Amber Watts University of Kansas
  • Eric D. Vidoni University of Kansas
  • Sandra A. Billinger University of Kansas
  • Mónica Salazar-Villanea Universidad de Costa Rica
  • José Moncada-Jiménez Universidad de Costa Rica
Palabras clave: Percepción, Respiración, Adultos mayores, Pruebas

Resumen

Objetivo. Determinar la asociación entre el esfuerzo percibido (VEP) y variables fisiológicas y determinar los factores predictivos de VEP durante el esfuerzo submáximo y máximo en adultos mayores. Método. Adultos mayores de Kansas (n = 100) y Costa Rica (n = 79) realizaron una prueba de esfuerzo submáxima y máxima. Se recopiló la VEP, nivel de educación y una puntuación total de la función cognitiva (PTFC). Se usaron análisis de correlación y regresión múltiple utilizando VEP como variable criterio y el consumo de oxígeno (VO2), tasa de intercambio respiratorio (RER), PTFC y nivel de educación como predictores. Resultados. Se encontró una correlación significativa entre la VEP y la RER (r = 0.22, p = 0.029) en el esfuerzo máximo. Los predictores de VEP para las mujeres fueron VO2, RER y PTFC en diferentes etapas de la prueba. Para los hombres, la VEP fue predicha por RER, nivel de educación y VO2 en diferentes etapas. Conclusión. Las variables metabólicas y fisiológicas predijeron los valores de VEP en adultos mayores. La edad, la cognición y la FC no se relacionaron con la VEP en el esfuerzo máximo y la RER predijo las puntuaciones de la VEP durante el esfuerzo submáximo y máximo.

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Publicado
2020-12-10
Cómo citar
Chacón-Araya, Y., Briceño-Torres, J., Peralta-Brenes, M., Hernández-Gamboa, R., Johnson, D., Watts, A., Vidoni, E., Billinger, S., Salazar-Villanea, M., & Moncada-Jiménez, J. (2020). Predicción del esfuerzo con variables metabólicas, fisiológicas y cognitivas en adultos mayores. Pensamiento Psicológico, 18(2), 1-27. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javerianacali.PPSI18-2.pemp