Actividad física y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en una comunidad académica

Actividad física y calidad de vida

Palabras clave: Ejercicio físico, Psicología del deporte, Salud mental, Promoción de la salud, Estilos de vida saludables

Resumen

Objetivo. Explorar las diferencias entre los niveles de actividad física (AF) ‒ligero, moderado y vigoroso‒, en función a la Calidad de Vida Relacionada con la Salud (CvRS). Método. 269 participantes (M = 25.3, DE = 1.5) entre estudiantes, docentes y administrativos de una comunidad académica de Pereira, Colombia. La AF se evaluó con el International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ) y la CvRS con el Cuestionario de Salud SF-36. Resultados. Quienes reportaron tener un nivel de AF moderado mostraron significativamente mejor vitalidad, salud mental y salud en general (p < 0.05). Mientras que aquellos con nivel de AF vigoroso promediaron más alto en salud general. Los niveles de AF moderado y vigoroso, en comparación con el ligero, presentaron mayor puntaje en la salud general y mental (p < 0.05). Conclusión. Este estudio aportó evidencia a favor de la hipótesis del vínculo entre AF y CvRS; además, reveló que aquellos con niveles de AF moderado y vigoroso presentan mejor CvRS en dimensiones de función social, vitalidad y salud general y mental. Futuros estudios deberían enfocarse en diferenciar los niveles de AF que mejor favorecen la CvRS, principalmente, en población escolar.

Biografía del autor/a

Sergio Humberto Barbosa Granados, Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia

Docente Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia, sede Pereira, Master en Psicología del Deporte de la Sociedad Iberoamericana de Psicología del Deporte, Mg. en Informática Aplicada a la Educación de la Universidad Cooperativa de Colombia. Psicólogo de la Universidad Autónoma de Bucaramanga, Colombia.

Haney Aguirre Loaiza, Universidad Católica de Pereira

Docente Universidad Católica de Pereira, Pereira., Mg. en Psicología, Universidad del Valle. Psicólogo, Universidad de Manizales. Licenciado en Educación Física y Deporte, Universidad de Caldas., Colombia.

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2020-12-10
Cómo citar
Barbosa Granados, S., & Aguirre Loaiza, H. (2020). Actividad física y calidad de vida relacionada con la salud en una comunidad académica. Pensamiento Psicológico, 18(2), 1-29. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javerianacali.PPSI18-2.afcv