Empatía y Teoría de la Mente: comparación entre deportistas y no deportistas

Empatía y teoría de la mente

  • Haney Aguirre-Loaiza
  • Claudia Andrea Duarte-Pulgarín
  • Lady Dahianne Grajales
  • Manuela Gärtner
  • Danna Y. García
  • Ángel Geovanny Marín
Palabras clave: Psicología del deporte, Neurociencia cognitiva, Cognición social, Rendimiento atlético, Neuropsicología

Resumen

Objetivo. Comparar la dimensión de cognición social de la Teoría de la Mente (ToM, por sus siglas en inglés) y la empatía entre deportistas y no deportistas. Método. Se ejecutó un diseño transversal con muestreo intencional, en el que 46 deportistas (Medad = 18.2, DE = 4.5) y 48 no deportistas (Medad = 20.2, DE = 3.5) completaron la Tarea de Empatía por el Dolor y el Test de las Miradas. Resultados. No se hallaron diferencias en la ToM, t(92) = 1.21, p = 0.228, d = 0.25. El Anova factorial mixto 3x2 indicó que el comportamiento de empatía es homogéneo por las condiciones (neutral, accidental e intencional) y grupos (deportistas vs no deportistas), F(2, 92) = 0.127, p = 0.881, ηp2 = 0.001. Sin embargo, la comparación de medias mostró diferencias favorables para deportistas en la condición de estímulos neutrales (p < 0.05). Conclusión. No hay variabilidad de la ToM, ni en las condiciones de accidentalidad e intencionalidad en el aspecto empático; mientras que en estímulos neutrales, el promedio difiere favorablemente para los deportistas.

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Publicado
2020-12-10
Cómo citar
Aguirre-Loaiza, H., Duarte-Pulgarín, C., Grajales, L., Gärtner, M., García, D., & Marín, Ángel. (2020). Empatía y Teoría de la Mente: comparación entre deportistas y no deportistas. Pensamiento Psicológico, 18(2), 1-31. https://doi.org/10.11144/Javerianacali.PPSI18-2.etmc