Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Solicitud e Interacción Sexual Online en adolescentes argentinos

Propiedades del Cuestionario de Solicitud

  • Santiago Resett CONICET
Palabras clave: Adolescente, sexualidad, adulto, tecnología, cuestionario


Objetivo. Analizar las propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Solicitud e Interacción Sexual Online en una muestra de adolescentes argentinos. Método. Se constituyó una muestra intencional de 728 adolescentes (60% mujeres; Medad= 15.02, DE = 1.7) que cursaban de primer a tercer año de dos escuelas de la ciudad de Paraná, Argentina. Los participantes contestaron siete cuestionarios, para obtener información sociodemográfica, de solicitud e interacción sexual en línea, ciberbullying, victimización, y síntomas psicosomáticos, de depresión y sexting.  Los datos se analizaron con el programa SPSS 23 y MPLUS 6. Resultados. Los hallazgos indicaron una adecuada estructura unifactorial, a diferencia de la estructura bifactorial de los autores, a partir de un análisis paralelo y un análisis factorial confirmatorio (CFI = 0.99, TLI = 0.99, RMSEA = 0.07), adecuada confiabilidad interna (alfa de Cronbach 0.93) y validez de constructo, como lo sugerían las correlaciones del cuestionario con la depresión, la victimización, la cibervictimización y el sexting (rs = 0.15-0.46). Discusión. A pesar de hallar una estructura unifactorial, el cuestionario presentó propiedades adecuadas en Argentina.


Baumgartner, S., E., Valkenburg, P. M., & Peter, J. (2010). Unwanted Online Solicitation and Risky Sexual Online Behavior across the Lifespan. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, 31, 439-447. doi: 10.1016/j.appdev.2010.07.005

Bentler, P. M. (1992). On the Fit of Models to Covariances and Methodology to the Bulletin. Psychological Bulletin, 112(3), 400-404. doi: 10.1037/0033-2909.112.3.400

Bergen, E., Davidson, J., Schulz, A., Schuhmann, P., Johansson, A., Santtila, P., . . . Jern, P. (2014). The Effects of Using Identity Deception and Suggesting Secrecy on the Outcomes of Adult-Adult and Adult-Child or Adolescent Online Sexual Interactions. Victims & Offenders, 9(3), 276-298. doi: 10.1080/15564886.2013.87375

Boomsma, A., & Hoogland, J. J. (2001). The Robustness of LISREL Modeling Revisited. In R. Cudeck, S. du Toit, & D. Sörbom (Eds.), Structural Equation Models: Present and Future. A Festschrift in Honor of Karl Jöreskog (pp. 139-168). Lincolnwood, United States: Scientific Software International.

Brown, T. A. (2006). Confirmatory Factor Analysis for Applied Research. New York, United States: Guilford.

Byrne, B. (2010). Structural Equation Modeling with AMOS: Basic Concepts, Applications, and Programming. New York, United States: Routledge.

Byrne, B. (2012). Structural Equation Modeling with MPLUS: Basic Concepts, Applications, and Programming. New York, United States: Routledge.

Calvete, E., Orue, I., Estévez, A., Villardón, L., & Padilla, P. (2010). Cyberbullying in Adolescents: Modalities and Aggressors’ Profile. Computers in Human Behavior, 26, 1128-1135. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.017

Cohen, J. (1992). Quantitative Methods in Psychology: A Power Primer. Psychological Bulletin, 112, 155-159.

DeVellis, R. F. (2012). Scale Development: Theory and Applications. Thousand Oak: Sage.

Facio, A., Resett, S., Mistrorigo, C. y Micocci, F. (2006). Los adolescentes argentinos. Cómo piensan y sienten. Buenos Aires, Argentina: Lugar.

Fehm, L., & Hoyer, J. (2004). Measuring Thought Control Strategies: The Thought Control Questionnaire and a Look Beyond. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 28, 105-117. doi: 10.1023/B:COTR.0000016933.41653.dc

Gámez-Guadix, M., Almendros, C., Borrajo, E., & Calvete, E. (2015). Prevalence and Association of Sexting and Online Sexual Victimization Among Spanish Adults. Sexuality Research and Social Policy, 12(2), 145-154. doi: 10.1007/s13178-015-0186-9

Gámez-Guadix, M., Almendros, C., Calvete, E., & De Santisteban, P. (2018). Persuasion Strategies and Sexual Solicitations and Interactions in Online Sexual Grooming of Adolescents: Modeling Direct and Indirect Pathways. Journal of Adolescence, 63, 11-18. doi: 10./j.adolescence.2017.12.002

Gámez-Guadix, M., De Santisteban, P., & Alcázar, M. (2017a). The Construction and Psychometric Properties of the Questionnaire for Online Sexual Solicitation and Interaction of Minors with Adults. Sexual Abuse: A Journal of Research and Treatment, 30(8), 1-17. doi: 10.1177/1079063217724766

Gámez-Guadix, M., De Santisteban, P., & Resett, S. (2017b). Sexting among Spanish Adolescents: Prevalence and personality profiles. Psicothema, 29(1), 29-34. doi: 10.7334/psicothema2016.222

Gámez-Guadix, M., & Mateos-Pérez, E. (2019). Longitudinal and Reciprocal Relationships between Sexting, Online Sexual Solicitations, and Cyberbullying among Minors. Computers in Human Behavior, 94, 70-76. doi: 10.1016/j.chb.2019.01.004

Gámez-Guadix, M., Villa-George, F., & Calvete, E. (2014). Psychometric properties of the Cyberbullying Questionnaire (CBQ) among Mexican Adolescents. Violence and Victims, 29(2), 232-247. doi: 10.1891/0886-6708.VV-D-12-00163R1

Hair, J. F., Black, W. C., Babin, B. J., & Anderson, R. E. (2010). Multivariate Data Analysis. New York, United States: Pearson.

Horn, J. L. (1965). A Rationale and Test for the Number of Factors in Factor Analysis. Psychometrika, 30, 179-185. doi: 10.1007/bf02289447

Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff Criteria for Fit Indexes in Covariance Structure Analysis: Conventional Criteria Versus New Alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling, 6(1), 1-55. doi: 10.1080/10705519909540118

Jasso, J. L., López, F., & Gámez-Guadix, M. (2018). Assessing the Links of Sexting, Cybervictimization, Depression, and Suicidal Ideation among University Students. Archives of Suicide Research, 22(1), 153-164. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2017.1304304

Jones, L. M., Mitchell, K. J., & Finkelhor, D. (2012). Trends in Youth Internet Victimization: Findings from Three Youth Internet Safety Surveys 2000-2010. Journal of Adolescent Health, 50(2), 179-186. doi: 10.1016/j.jadohealth.2011.09.015

Kaplan, R. M. y Saccuzzo D. P. (2006). Pruebas psicológicas: principios, aplicaciones y temas. Madrid, España: International Thomson.

Kline, R. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling. New York, United States: Guilford.

Kloess, J. A., Beech, A. R., & Harkins, L. (2014). Online Child Sexual Exploitation Prevalence, Process, and Offender Characteristics. Trauma, Violence, & Abuse, 15(2), 126-139. doi: 10.1177/1524838013511543

Kovacs, M. (1992). Children’s Depression Inventory Manual. North Tonawanda, United States: Multi-Health Systems.

Lloret-Segura, S., Ferreres-Traver, A., Hernández-Baeza, A. y Tomás-Marco, I. (2014). El análisis factorial exploratorio de los ítems: una guía práctica, revisada y actualizada. Anales de Psicología, 30(3), 1151-1169. doi: 10.6018/analesps.30.3.199361

Lorenzo-Seva, U. (2013). Why Rotate my Data Using Promin? Technical Report. Tarragona: Department of Psychology, Universitat Rovira i Virgili.

Machimbarrena, J. M., Calvete, E., Fernández-González, L., Álvarez-Bardón, A., Álvarez-Fernández, L., & González-Cabrera, J. (2018). Internet Risks: An Overview of Victimization in Cyberbullying, Cyber Dating Abuse, Sexting, Online Grooming and Problematic Internet Use. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 15(11), 1-15. doi: 10.3390/ijerph15112471

Manlove, J., Terry-Humen, E., & Ikramullah, E. (2006). Young Teenagers and Older Sexual Partners: Correlates and Consequences for Males and Females. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 38(4), 197-207. doi: 10.1363/psrh.38.197.06

McRae, K., Gross, J. J., Weber, J., Robertson, E. R., Sokol-Hessner, P., Ray, R. D., ... Ochsner, K. N. (2012). The Development of Emotion Regulation: An fMRI Study of Cognitive Reappraisal in Children, Adolescents and Young Adults. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 7(1), 11-22. doi: 10.1093/scan/nsr093

Mitchell, K. J., Finkelhor, D., & Wolak, J. (2007). Youth Internet Users at Risk for the Most Serious Online Sexual Solicitations. American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 32(6), 532-537. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2007.02.001

Mitchell, K. J., Wolak, J., & Finkelhor, D. (2008). Are Blogs Putting Youth at Risk for Online Sexual Solicitation or Harassment? Child Abuse & Neglect, 32(2), 277-294.

Montiel, I., Carbonell, E., & Pereda, N. (2016). Multiple Online Victimization of Spanish Adolescents: Results from a Community Sample. Child Abuse & Neglect, 52, 123-134. doi: 10.1016/j.chiabu.2015.12.005

O'Connor, B. P. (2000). SPSS and SAS Programs for Determining the Number of Components Using Parallel Analysis and Velicer's MAP Test. Behavior Research Methods, Instrumentation, and Computers, 32, 396-402. doi: 10.3758/bf03200807

Olweus, D. (1996). The Revised Olweus Bully/Victim Questionnaire. Bergen, Norway: Hemil, University of Bergen.

Olweus, D. (2013). School Bullying: Development and Some Important Challenges. Annual Review of Clinical Psychology, 9, 751-780. doi: 10.1146/annurev-clinpsy-050212-185516

Paolucci, E. O., Genuis, M. L., & Violato, C. (2001). A Meta-Analysis of the Published Research on the Effects of Child Sexual Abuse. Journal of Psychology, 135(1), 17-36. doi: 10.1080/00223980109603677

Resett, S. (2018). Análisis psicométrico del Cuestionario de Agresores/Víctimas de Olweus en español. Revista de Psicología, 36(2), 575-602. doi: 10.18800/psico.201802.007

Resett, S. (2019). Sexting en adolescentes: su predicción a partir de los problemas emocionales y la personalidad oscura. Escritos de Psicología, 12(2), 93-102.

Resett, S. y Gámez-Guadix, M. (2018). Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Ciberbullying en una muestra de adolescentes argentinos. Universitas Psychologica, 17(5), 1-12. doi: 10.11144/Javeriana.upsy17-5.ppcc

Reyns, B. W., Burek, M. W., Henson, B., & Fisher, B. S. (2013). The Unintended Consequences of Digital Technology: Exploring the Relationship between Sexting and Cybervictimization. Journal of Crime and Justice, 36(1), 1-17. doi: 10.1080/ 0735648X.2011.641816

Rosenberg, M. (1965). Society and the Adolescent Self-Image. Princeton, United States: Princeton University Press.

Smith, P. K., Thompson, F., & Davidson, J. (2014). Cyber Safety for Adolescent Girls: Bullying, Harassment, Sexting, Pornography, and Solicitation. Current Opinion in Obstetrics and Gynecology, 26(5), 360-365. doi: 10.1097/GCO.0000000000000106

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using Multivariate Statistics. Massachusetts, United States: Pearson Education.

Wachs, S., Whittle, H. C., Hamilton-Giachritsis, C., Wolf, K. D., Vazsonyi, A. T., & Junger, M. (2017). Correlates of Mono and Dual-Victims of Cybergrooming and Cyberbullying: Evidence from Four Countries. Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking, 21(2), 91-98. doi: 10.1089/cyber.2016.0733

Wolak, J., Finkelhor, D., Mitchell, K. J., & Ybarra, M. L. (2010). Online “Predators” and their Victims: Myths, Realities, and Implications for Prevention and Treatment. Psychology of Violence, 1(S), 13-35. doi: 10.1037/2152-0828.1.S.13

Wurtele, S., & Kenny, M. (2017). Technology-Related Sexual Solicitation of Adolescents: A Review of Prevention Efforts. Child Abuse Review, 25(5), 332-344. doi: 10.1002/car.2445

Ybarra, M. L., Leaf, P. J., & Diener-West, M. (2004). Sex Differences in Youth-Reported Depressive Symptomatology and Unwanted Internet Sexual Solicitation. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 6(1), e5. doi: 10.2196/jmir.6.1.e5

Ybarra, M. L., & Mitchell, K. J. (2008). How Risky are Social Networking Sites? A Comparison of Places Online where Youth Sexual Solicitation and Harassment Occur us. Pediatrics, 121(2), e350-e357.

Cómo citar
Resett, S. (2021). Propiedades psicométricas del Cuestionario de Solicitud e Interacción Sexual Online en adolescentes argentinos. Pensamiento Psicológico, 19(1), 1-29.
Artículos de investigación original