Observadores: un rol determinante en el acoso escolar

  • María Clara Cuevas
  • María Alejandra Marmolejo Medina
Palabras clave: Observadores, proceso de grupo, intimidación escolar, revisión sistemática

Resumen

Objetivo. Examinar el rol de los observadores en el acoso escolar (AE), dada la escasez de estudios realizadosque ilustren de manera específica su relevancia dentro del fenómeno y las razones asociadas a la adopciónde su rol. Método. Se examinan estudios y teorías relevantes en la materia que contribuyen con datos sobreprevalencia, comportamientos asociados, cogniciones, emociones y otros elementos claves que permitenvisualizar áreas en las cuales se deben focalizar las intervenciones para prevenir e intervenir en el AE, conénfasis en el rol de los participantes. Se revisaron las bases de datos electrónicas ProQuest Psychology Journals,PsycINFO, PSICODOC, PsycARTICLES, Psychology and Behavioral Sciences Collection; además se utilizaroncomo palabras clave bystanders, bullying, group process, por separado, sin restricción de campo, sin límitetemporal, en los idiomas inglés y español. También, se consultaron portales de internet especializados enel tema como PrevNet, Organización Mundial de la Salud (OMS), Kivaprogram.net, Anti-bullying Alliancey Stopbullying.gov. Resultados. Se identificaron y describieron diversos niveles de abordaje del fenómeno,definición, prevalencia, características y algunas explicaciones sobre su causalidad Conclusión. El rol deobservadores, participantes mayoritarios del AE, cobra especial relevancia en quienes con sus comportamientosinstigan, alientan, apoyan y contribuyen con actos intimidatorios o, en su defecto, realizan acciones paradetenerlos.

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Publicado
2015-12-28
Cómo citar
Cuevas, M., & Marmolejo Medina, M. (2015). Observadores: un rol determinante en el acoso escolar. Pensamiento Psicológico, 14(1). Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.javerianacali.edu.co/index.php/pensamientopsicologico/article/view/726
Sección
Artículos de revisión