Transmisión vertical del SARS-CoV- 2 ¿Qué evidencia hay? Una revisión de la literatura.

  • Alejandro Farfan-Plaza Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
  • Juan Sebastian Ricaurte Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali
  • Andres Ricaurte-Fajardo Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, Clinica Nuestra Señora de Fatima San Juan de Pasto https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7374-4460
  • Andrés Ricaurte-Sossa Hospital Universitario Departamental de Nariño
Palabras clave: COVID-19, fiebre, embarazo, neumonía viral, transmisión vertical, placenta

Resumen

El COVID-19 es una enfermedad emergente, descrita por primera vez en diciembre de 2019. Su curso clínico es variable, y se caracteriza por fiebre, tos y fatiga, pero puede progresar a un cuadro de neumonía viral severa. Su transmisión es principalmente por gotas, sin embargo, se ha intentado avanzar en el estudio de su transmisión por otras vías, especialmente en pacientes embarazadas, por lo que su implicación durante la gestación se encuentra en estudio. El objetivo de esta revisión de la literatura es realizar una descripción detallada de los hallazgos publicados en la literatura en cuanto la posibilidad de la transmisión del SARS-CoV-2 por vía placentaria. Se realizó una búsqueda de artículos en MEDLINE (vía PubMed), Google Académico, EMBASE, SCIELO y SCOPUS con los términos en inglés: “Pregnancy, “Vertical Transmission”, “COVID-19” y “SARS CoV-2”, sin restricción en cuanto a fecha de publicación ni idioma. Si bien existen estudios a favor y en contra, aún no existe evidencia concluyente para determinar si esta infección puede ser de transmisión vertical y se debe fortalecer la investigación frente a este tema, especialmente la literatura en español.

Abstract:

COVID-19 is an emerging disease, first described in December 2019. Its clinical course is variable, and is characterized by fever, cough, and fatigue, but it can progress to severe viral pneumonia. Although its transmission is mainly by droplets, transmission by other routes is yet to be defined, especially in pregnant patients, thus, its involvement during pregnancy is being studied. The aim of this literature review is to describe of the data published in the literature regarding the possibility of transmission of SARS-CoV-2 via placental route. A search of articles was conducted in MEDLINE (via PubMe, Google scholar, EMBASE, SCIELO and SCOPUS with the terms: “Pregnancy, “Vertical Transmission”, “COVID-19” and “SARS-CoV-2” with no restrictions regardless date of publication or language. Although there are studies for and against, there is still no conclusive evidence to determine if this infection can be vertically transmitted and research on this topic should be strengthened, especially in Spanish.

Key words: COVID-19, SARS-CoV-2, pregnancy, fever, viral pneumonia, vertical transmission, placenta.

Biografía del autor/a

Alejandro Farfan-Plaza, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali

Estudiante de medicina, Semillero de Innovadores en Salud ISSEM.

Juan Sebastian Ricaurte, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Cali

Estudiante de medicina, Semillero de Innovadores en Salud ISSEM.

Andres Ricaurte-Fajardo, Pontificia Universidad Javeriana Bogotá, Clinica Nuestra Señora de Fatima San Juan de Pasto

Médico.

 

Andrés Ricaurte-Sossa, Hospital Universitario Departamental de Nariño

Médico, Especialista en Ginecología y Obstetricia.

Citas

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Publicado
2020-08-12
Cómo citar
Farfan-Plaza, A., Ricaurte, J., Ricaurte-Fajardo, A., & Ricaurte-Sossa, A. (2020). Transmisión vertical del SARS-CoV- 2 ¿Qué evidencia hay? Una revisión de la literatura. Salutem Scientia Spiritus, 6(1), 167-173. Recuperado a partir de https://revistas.javerianacali.edu.co/index.php/salutemscientiaspiritus/article/view/2332